This book examines the theoretical aspects of intended knowledge transfers from one country to one or several other countries. To accomplish such objectives, South Korea was selected as a case in point by which to test the proposed twenty theoretical hypotheses. The focus of this study is to ascertain the motivation, barriers and outcomes of knowledge transfer or policy diffusion from one country to another country. Contrary to some assumptions about incentives for conducting a knowledge transference project, this study reveals that the primary driving forces for implementing such programs are the national interests of the donor and recipient countries. There are, however, many barriers to knowledge transference programs. These barriers could be classified as at the national, organizational, and individual levels, or could be interpreted in terms of political, economic, social and cultural aspects. The overall conclusion for the outcome of the knowledge transference projects is that it is successful. Nevertheless, many factors influenced the effectiveness of the outputs and outcomes of such projects.