This work presents the portrayal of children and elders in Wolliso Oromo proverbs from the perspectives of contexts of uses of the proverbs. It is an attempt made to explore how the society see its needy members. In doing so, it tells how the Oromo were and are treating their children and elders. As proverbs show the philosophical views of the society at large,this work may contribute a great deal to those who intend to study on the area at large.The Oromo are very rich in folklore. For centuries folklore has been used among the Oromo as a tool for various social functions. It is therefore, a treasure for one who need to know more about the owners- the people. Among the Oromo where oral tradition has been and is playing fundamental role, the study of various folkloric elements provide a password in the making of the true histroy of the Oromo who are indigenously Ethiopians(the Oromo).