Information Technology (IT)revolution is rapidly changing economic and social activities by providing opportunities and challenges for accelerating development in the world. Industrialized Countries (ICs) have changed their planning and other operation systems to benefit from these IT advancements. One of the major activities that have enabled ICs to achieve IT potential was to adopt IT policy. In Developing Countries (DCs), IT is not yet exploited because of various factors hindering the IT policy adoption and implementation some being influenced by colonial government structures in terms of the existing bureaucracy, law and policy formulation procedures. This book provides an insight for understanding IT policy development process in relation to post-colonial influence. The author argues that as IT advances quickly, DCs including Tanzania have no option other than embracing IT as a vital tool for their development. DCs have to develop a people-centered policy making approach that will encourage the public to participate effectively in the process of IT policy adoption and implementation. The book is relevant to policy-makers, planners, researchers, students, IT experts and users.