This book covers potential impact of biofuels in Sub-Saharan Africa, specifically Malawi. The production and processing of biofuels in Malawi has potential environmental and socio-economic benefits and risks. This must be strategically assessed to ensure sustainability and reduction or elimination of impacts on its natural resources. There is no framework in terms of policies, legislations and institutions to roll out sustainable biofuel sub-sector in terms of regulations, standards, certification, incentives and public-private partnerships. Biofuels is assumed to be tackled under other sectoral policies such as energy, agriculture, water and trade but these policies are either blind or mention biofuels under renewable energy with no specific plan for the biofuel sub-sector. Thus need to integrate biofuel sub-sector in the economy of Malawi to actualise its sustainability. The book is suitable for researchers, policy makers, academicians and students interested in biomass related renewable energy and their impact on natural resource base.