Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs), defined as the product other than timber or wood, are the chief component group of the vast number of bio-diversity of Nepal. The most important category of NTFPs is the loose group termed as Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs). On the other hand, Nepal stands herself among one of the poorest countries. Forest products especially the NTFPs are the sources of food, fibre, medicine and direct income for many rural poor in Nepal. The Non timber forest products (NTFPs) component of community forestry, has been overshadowed by the timber, fuelwood & fodder, despite they have a tremendous potential to support rural livelihood in many ways. However this sub-sector is getting momentum and is seen as potential livelihood option for rural people. This study, as a requirement for B.Sc. Forestry degree outlines for the prospects of the sub sector to alleviate rural poverty and support rural livelihoods in Nepal.