Despite the government has implemented different poverty reducing policies and strategies,Poverty has been remained daily experience of citizens in Ethiopia for so many years. Having an objective of providing information with respect to incidence of poverty and its determinants and income inequality in Wukro town, this book is of high worth for researcher, development agents and the government to design policies and strategies that intend to alleviate poverty in Wukro. By making use of Cost of Basic Needs approach, birr 198 was computed as total poverty line;accordingly, there was a poverty incidence of 34.5 percent with income short fall of 8.9 percent and poverty severity index of 3.4 percent. Income inequality in Wukro was 0.41 in whicc Poverty-income elasticity and poverty-inequality elasticity in Wurko was -2.08 and 0.73, respectively. The incidence of poverty allied with income inequality calls for urgent interventions aimed at curbing the problems of the people through creating employment opportunities, family planning,provision of market based short term trainings, empowering females and distribution of social service.