This study examines Turkey’s terrorism problem in depth and identifies some factors that are related to the formation of terrorism. This book may assist to policy makers on their new policies against terrorism. This book show that there is a relationship between terrorism and the percentage of population living below the poverty line, unequal distribution of some government resources, such as unequal distribution of education services, and unequal distribution of public investment. Findings also show that higher populated provinces may experience greater terrorist incidents. Additionally, high number of young population is also found to be related to the number of terrorist incidents.