The purpose of this study is to examine the current status of instructional leadership practice and to investigate the challenges of school principals as instructional leaders in government secondary schools in Ethiopia Dire Dawa town, and to come up with remedial solutions in order to improve principals instructional leadership capacity. The findings of the study revealed the practice of instructional support of principals had been insufficient. School principals working relation with the school community, teachers, students, PTA and other key stakeholders were relatively less and inadequate. The practices of school principals in coordinating the whole tasks of schools were unsatisfactory. Based on the findings, some of the recommendations were suggested. Principals should not only devote their time on administrative activity but also devote their time and energy on instructional support activity by creating conducive environment. Principals should also maintain close working relations with stakeholders to ensure effective and efficient schools. Moreover, they have to develop a team work spirit and motivate their staff. The book contains the details of the study.