The present book describes the importance, distribution and management of sub tropical dry deciduous forests (STDDF) of Pakistan. Economic importance, distribution, management, conservation status and uses of indicator species, which are indigenous woody plants (trees and shrubs) are elucidated in details. These species are studied in different districts of Pakistan i.e., lower Swat, Malakand, Northern Mardan (Rustum), Northern Sawabi (Gadoon?Amazai), Buner, Haripur, Mansehra, Abbottabad, Rawalpindi, Jehlum, Northern Gujrat, Northern Sialkot, Mirpur and District Kotli. Distribution of these forests shows that variability in temperature and extent of precipitation seem to be influencing factors. There is a gradient of decreasing annual rainfall from east to west which make them more gregarious in the eastern parts as compared to west. This book provide a baseline for the conservationists, foresters and policy makers for better management of sub tropical dry deciduous forest.