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Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Nigeria


Marketed By :  LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing   Sold By :  Kamal Books International  
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  • Product Description

Evolution of prevention strategies provides multiple options for managing HIV infection in pregnancy. There is a need to evaluate successes and risks associated with these PMTCT strategies. In a retrospective cohort study, records of mothers who received either of two PMTCT strategies were linked with infant records and analyzed. From a total of 286 paired records, 225 (78.7%) received HAART, 38 (13.3%), Sc-ARVs while 23 (8%) had no ARVs in pregnancy. Overall transmission rate was 2.4% (5/208) in infants from the HAART group and 7.9% (3/38) for the Sc-ARV group. At ninth month of life 1% of infants in the HAART group and 13% in the Sc-ARV group were infected. Four infections occurred in the HAART group after ninth month of life due to breast milk exposure. Factors found to be associated with risk of vertical transmission included duration of ART use > 3 months (OR 0.19: 95%CI 0.04-0.90), mixed feeding (OR 3.68: 95%CI 1.01-13.52), HAART in pregnancy (OR 0.07: 95%CI 0.02-0.28) and infant post exposure ARV prophylaxis (OR 0.19: 95%CI 0.05-0.77). Conclusion: HAART is a comparably more efficient PMTCT strategy in improving HIV free survival among exposed infants.

Product Specifications
SKU :COC84655
AuthorJummai Apata and Ayodotun Olutola
Number of Pages60
Publishing Year2013-09-05T00:00:00.000
Edition1 st
Book TypeMedicine
Country of ManufactureIndia
Product BrandLAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Product Packaging InfoBox
In The Box1 Piece
Product First Available On ClickOnCare.com2015-10-08 00:00:00