There is a consensus among many scholars that education has positive link to livelihoods. This monograph which studied the contribution of primary education to rural livelihoods in Hawzen, a sub- region in Tigrai Regional State of Ethiopia has been able to discover how primary education has influenced farmers who were once or are currently attending primary schools compared to their illiterate counterparts. The book has also assessed the basic literacy and numeracy of school children that are indirectly influencing rural livelihoods and can be potential farmers. It presents in what ways primary education has contributed and what should be done to make it contribute to the wellbeing of rural based society. This book may be useful to several readers. For one thing, it can be a good reference for students and teachers who are too much concerned with the relationship between primary education and livelihoods. It is also expected to have input to researches dealing with primary education vis-à-vis economic, social as well as literacy and numeracy. Moreover, the book is hoped to be a convenient tool to scholars interested in primary education and development.