The present work is an effort to understand the trends in primary schooling in the two states in the North-Eastern region of India by using data from National Family Health Survey. The major aims of the present analysis are to estimate the trends in primary school attendance and enrollment and to estimate the gender differences in primary school attendance, to estimate the trends in drop out rates and to study the relationship between trends of schooling with the determents of school attendance. Variables considered for analysis are dropout ratios, gross enrollment ratios and net enrollment ratios. Individual factors considered for analysis are age, sex, religion, caste and place of residence while household factors are standard of living index, availability of electricity, type of house, sex of the household head. The analysis should shed some new insights into recent trends in universal education efforts and may be useful for professionals and researchers in the field of basic education.