The book explores the extent to which the ''private'' (non-state) post-school education and training sector is responsive to national development in South Africa. It identifies the extent to which post-Apartheid reconstruction is served by having an education and training form that is not under direct state control. It identifies the range of private provision types (for-profit, in-house and not-for profit) and learner forms (from pre-employed school leavers, unemployed and employed ''adults'') in a range of ''learning areas'' (from ICT, to business and leisure-related and language instruction). It is argued that the sector is a valuable component of the national education and training landscape in achieving national goals. The work has implications for regulation of the sector, arguing that some private forms responding to the most socially vulnerable and excluded requires some degree of state intervention.There are also important lessons to be learnt for public TVET provision in the country.