This book examines global pressures for and national responses to privatization of higher education in SSA by closely analyzing the Ethiopian and Kenyan cases. It particularly focuses on the analysis of the forces that trigger privatization policy across SSA and whether and how national policy making adjusts global privatization imperatives to local conditions by focusing on issues of quality and equity in higher education. Taking the Ethiopia and Kenyan cases,it argues that privatization is a global solution for local problems of higher education in the Ethiopian and Kenyan cases. Much of the impetus for the current privatization policy comes from global opinion makers who are responsible for creating and sustaining higher education crises. National policy makers in the cases have adopted privatization policy uncritically to their respective systems only to end up in another series of higher education crises.