Sustainable crop production from limited land resource is the key concern of this millennium. With the shrinking of par-capita land availability, the only option available is to enhance production by crop intensification for increasing the input use efficiency. Intercropping is the one among the various approaches which provides an opportunity to increase the production & productivity of the cereals, particularly of Maize. This system involves growing two or more crops simultaneously with distinct row arrangement for complementary use of natural resources to enhance the productivity. Intercropping system provides substantial yield advantage over solo crop due to temporal and spatial complementarities and minimizes inter/intra specific competition. The objective to adopt such cropping practice is to reduce the risk of main crop failure due to uncertain factors and to have variation of produce for food and to feed the requirement of the farmers, family and animals besides meeting the cash requirement.