This book considers the roles which communism and liberal democracy can play in the realization of egalitarianism. It examines the natures of communism, liberal democracy and egalitarianism, and the relationship between them. The book addresses the following questions, among others: What is egalitarianism? What is communism? What is liberal democracy? Is there any need for egalitarianism? If yes, how can it be achieved? Can communism and liberal democracy serve to bring about egalitarianism? What prospects do communism and liberal democracy have in respect of the attainment of egalitarianism? Are there any problems in this regard? What can be done to remove the bottlenecks? Are the problems associated with the realization of egalitarianism not connected with the fact that it is an ideal phenomenon? The book states that the need to promote human and societal progress partly recommends the relentless pursuit of egalitarianism. Students, academicians, policy makers, politicians and the general public will find the book useful.