Farmers are undoubtedly the backbone of food security , economy, health and well being of any country. Their contribution to preservation of traditional varieties is awesome. But, while the plant breeders who develop new varieties out of these traditional varieties get an intellectual property right called the Plant Breeders’ Right (PBR), the farmers are left with no such solid rights. For the name sake they are given a collective right called the Farmers’ Rights, which have no shape or content, or enforceability. This book examines the development of the PBR and the FR and makes a critical comparison of both, in the International as well as Indian level. This book also makes strong argument for a FR almost at par with PBR, by suggesting amendments in the international and Indian level.