The period of adolescence is one of the most important developmental periods in human life span. It is a very sensitive and vulnerable period to be affected easily by both positive and negative developmental factors. It is said to be the best and the worst developmental period in human life span. This book provides a critical analysis on the psychosocial characteristics of the period, factors that enhance desirable development, challenges and potential risky behaviors in relation to the period. On top of these, the book presents activities to be undertaken by adolescents themselves, family, peers, teachers and significant others to guide adolescents in the positive direction so that they will grow to be resourceful adult members of a society. Therefore, the book provides invaluable information especially for teachers, students, researchers, policy makers and practitioners in social, health, education and family sciences and other related fields. The book is also very useful for parents and guardians for understanding, guiding and supporting their children and adolescents to foster their healthy development.