The impact of basic education on human development is so obvious as to be self -evident. However, the specific impact of primary education on the human development of an individual child can vary enormously depending upon the quality of education offered, the condition of that child to receive what is being offered and the opportunities for children to then apply what they know. This work analyzes the impact of Community Education Fund program on primary school participation in Tanzania. Specifically it looks at the investments of the CEF made in education, addressing the main question of school enrolment of young children. The findings indicate that the increase in public funds to education contributes to the improved/desirable human capital development in Tanzania. Therefore, the Government should increase its funds to education to achieve the goals of National Education Policy which is in tandem with the country’s National Medium Term Plans.