Revision with unchanged content. The population in Kerala, India is frequently displayed as more literate, more educated, healthier and less poverty struck than those of other Indian states. Women's high development scores are particularly often brought to the forefront when general information about Kerala is distributed. Kerala thus, might seem like a perfect display of social development, a success story for women's emancipation in an 'underdeveloped' part of the world. This book explores critical feminist voices questioning the results of modern emancipation and suggests the critique launched by feminists in Kerala to be relevant when re-examining gender equality in Scandinavia.