Technology transfer has become a common practice of countries and organizations to acquire technology. One challenge of technology transfer is the transfer of decision-making capabilities. Decision-making capabilities are needed to sustain and enable the local development of the technology. However, these capabilities are difficult to transfer. This book presents and discusses the Iterative Methodology of Analysis and Synthesis of Technology Components. The combination of analysis and synthesis is aimed at addressing the need to break down (analyze) the technology to present it in a more understandable form and the necessity to put a story (synthesize) to the technology to ensure the understanding of the technology by the recipient. Moreover, the “iterative” characteristic is to make sure that there is feedback and agreement between the transferor and the recipient. Case studies are presented to prove the validity of the Iterative Methodology of Analysis and Synthesis of Technology Components.