Sugarcane the oldest energy source for human beings and more recently is a replacement of fossil fuel for motor vehicles. World wide in 107 countries, sugarcane occupies area of 20.42 million ha with a total production of 1333 million ton. At present, there is an appreciable gap between cane and sugar yield of plant and ratoon crops. There is an urgent need to elucidate behavioral differences between the productivity gaps. This book provides complete scientific information of an important bacterial sugarcane disease (Ratoon Stunting Disease), which is the major cause of ratoon failure in the world. Due to this approach (in the form of this book), plant pathologist can identify the disease and can develop control measures. This book will be good addition for sugarcane scientist for identification, isolation, characterization and screening of sugarcane varieties against bacterial disease. Ratoon Stunting Disease (RSD) is bacterial disease of sugarcane and considered one of the potentially dangerous diseases of sugarcane. RSD is an important seed-piece transmissible disease of sugarcane. This book provides complete data about RSD.