Oral diseases remain major public health problems on a global level. Dental caries are one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. These oral problems are significantly associated with pain, agony, functional and esthetic problems; also loss of working man-hours. This situation exists despite the fact that both dental caries and gum diseases are theoretically preventable by appropriate dental health behaviors. Prevention has been categorized into four levels namely: primordial, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Early prevention and detection are key to minimizing your need for more serious dental treatment. Hence, a detailed review of literature is conducted to throw light on every aspect of “Recent advances in preventive dentistry”.