Degradation of agricultural and non-agricultural land, decline in agricultural productivity, adverse effect on biodiversity, pollution of land and water are some of the visible environmental impacts/effects of coal mining. Derelict land, caused due to mining, and its management by reclamation techniques is a subject of both practical and ecological interest. The book provide a strategy to influence the course of land reclamation of coal mined out areas and conservation that has been developed through consultation and detailed study. The use of reclamation technologies may help in bringing back the normal ecology of the affected area. This book will be of interest to not only postgraduate students of applied environmental and agriculture sciences, but also intended for researchers, academician, and others actively involved in land reclamation and development projects.