The book describes a systematic study of the fungal pathogen (Colletotrichum falcatum) of Red rot disease of Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.). The present work deals with Plant Pathology and Microbiology. Experiments are done on the basis of availability of diseased plants during survey. The Publication will be helpful in the identification, characterization and biological control of Red rot disease. It will serve as a reference book to all person who engaged in Plant Pathology Research and utilization of different varieties/ species of Sugarcane both at National and International level. The book would also be useful for the Undergraduate and Post Graduate Students of Botany as well as Agriculture Sciences. Appendices at the end of the book provide some general facts and information about the Sugarcane.