This book considers the socio-cultural and economic dynamics of historical conservation with respect to what is sometimes called ?Islamic Cairo?. It aims to re-assess and to challenge the upgrading and modi?cation processes recently affecting the urban and social fabric of Cairo?s Historical City. Further, the study seeks to incorporate the district?s cultural diversity in the city?s future urban development. Despite the availability of the 1980 UNESCO Plan and the 1997 UNDP Plan for Historical Cairo?s rehabilitation, government policies remain insufficient and fragmentary with a tendency to favour tourist-orientated projects. The local population?s attitudes and stakeholders' potential participation remain largely ignored.