Working capital is the life-blood for any organization. Even profit making firms cannot survive without proper management of working capital. The present study attempts to examine empirically the relationship between profitability and working capital management for NSE listed firms of Indian Steel and Pharmaceutical Industries. A number of ratios belonging to liquidity, turnover and asset structure are used as proxies for working capital management and return on total assets as a proxy for the profitability in the study. The study endorses the significance of working capital management. It demonstrates the crucial influence of working capital management on the profitability of the two Indian industries. Correlation analysis revealed that the profitability of Indian Pharmaceutical Industry is significantly associated with operational efficiency, receivables’ management and payables’ management.