I have undertaken to answer the following questions in order to justify why religion is used as a label of violence in Nigeria. I intend to answer the following questions: (1) what is the definition of violence? (2) What is religion? (3) Is religion responsible for violence in Nigeria? We shall read the multidimensional characters of religion and violence, in terms of definitions in the introductory section of my book. My book seeks to address these questions and therefore investigate the historical background of the religious violence between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria. Religious violence in Nigeria is influenced by other factors in which religion is immediately labeled as the cause of such conflicts between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria.