The integration of intellectual and spiritual development of young people is a major concern of education. This book is written to offer inspiration, challenge and guidelines to policy makers in Education and in Religious organisations, to teachers and principals of schools and to all concerned for the holistic education of the young. The author discusses Church teachings on Religious Education, government policy regarding religious education and worldwide challenges facing religious education in schools. It sheds light on the implementation of the Programme of Pastoral Instruction (PPI) in primary schools in Nairobi-Kenya, the attitudes and perceptions of various stakeholders, challenges facing its implementation, and possible strategies for improvement. The insights in this book can be used towards the effective implementation of any non-examinable subject that is in the curriculum for its role in the holistic education of the child.