Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a functioning kidney from a donor is placed into a recipient suffering from renal failure or other renal diseases, providing all functions which the patient's own kidneys are not able to perform. Although renal transplant is characterized as a better choice to opt for, in comparison with dialysis, patients who have transplants must take special immunosuppressive drugs to prevent the rejection of new transplanted kidney – as reported by medical specialists. However, according to new studies carried on bone marrow stem cells, researchers are hoping to develop new effective techniques for renal transplants. To find out more about kidney transplantation, legal issues and potential complications – read this book.