Health and productivity have a complex interdependence in the modern workspace. As the nature of work shifts from physical labour to creative invention with high technologies, this interrelationship of health and productivity intensifies and the role of workspace in maximizing both health and productivity becomes central.?Health? has never been perceived in the same way by all societies or at any given time in history. In a primitive society, such as that of the early Australian aborigines, an individual was considered healthy if his relationship with members of his family and with the land were good. More recently, definition of health have taken pains to differentiate health from the mere absence of disease. Thus the World Health Organization (WHO) has defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease. ?Health? became more synonymous with the absence of disease, and diseases themselves were carefully classified.There has been relatively little study using health as an endpoint, because it is much more difficult to define and quantify. Yet productivity may well relate more to health than to the absence of disease.