Utilizing reproductive health care sevices is essential and a basic need for mothers. Bangladesh has achieved important health gains over the last decades but still there is an enormous gap lies between rural and urban areas regarding reproductive health care services. This study identifies the more important factors affecting the utilization of reproductive health care services like maternal health care, demand for contraception and awareness about HIV/AIDS. Therefore, this book may be helpful to policy makers in devising ways to increase the utilization of reproductive health care services and to reduce the gap between urban and rural women regarding the accessibility and quality of care. This book should be useful to professionals who would like to study in the field of women and gender. It may also be useful to the enthusiastic readers who are interested to know about reproductive health condition of women in developing countries, where resource scarcity and subsistence-level economic conditions characterize the economy.