Rice (oryza sativa L) is a principal source of food for more than half of the world population, especially in South and Southeast Asia and Latin America. Elsewhere, it represents a high value commodity crop. Composting offers the most sensible and economic way to avoid wasting useful natural resources, which create environmental problems, and at the same time it produces a high quality and inexpensive soil amendment. Recycling of organic wastes involves the return of the essential elements to soils that are taken up by plants and find their way into animal, domestic and industrial products. This recycled organic waste may be good supplement of chemical fertilizer. The compost is widely used as soil amendment to improve soil structure. In Pakistan composting could be very useful because, the waste disposal problem is becoming serious day by day.