Diabetes is a serious concern in the United States and Texas is a state with high percentage of diabetes. The risk factors contributing to diabetes are current smoking, high blood cholesterol, hypertension, physical inactivity etc. In this thesis, we would like to identify the crucial risk factors for Texas. This motivates us to use the online data resources for a comparative study between Texas and other states. Looking at the data, we decide to use independent sample t-tests and independent sample non parametric tests [Wilcoxon Mann Whitney] for such comparative studies. This analysis has two parts – in the first part, we compare Texas vs. the four zones in the country of the United States for all the risk factors and in the second part, we compare Texas vs. the individual states in the four zones for the crucial risk factors identified in the first part of the analysis. We come up with some very interesting results.