Poverty reduction in recent years has received greater global attention. Poverty is mainly concentrated in rural areas of developing countries like India. To achieve this goal of poverty reduction, the need is to identify the pockets of rural poor along with the factors helping in poverty alleviation. The book, therefore, explores the estimates of rural poverty and its trends in Uttar Pradesh, which is one of the most populous states of India, characterized by high proportion of rural poor. The districts are analyzed to examine the impact of determining factors of rural poverty. This helps in targeting specific districts and provides direction for policy formulation to mitigate existing disparities in rural poverty and factors influencing it across the regions and districts in the state. The book also shed light for prioritizing the factors in reducing rural poverty. The study will be useful for students and researchers of development and agriculture economics working in area of poverty, rural development, rural infrastructure and agriculture.It will interest policymakers, poverty and agriculture analysts, public and private institutions as well as non government organizations.