The present exercise has thrown up wealth of new information of gap between rural schools and urban schools that can be useful to planners and policy makers. The author of this exercise has made effort to study the disparity between rural schools and urban schools on eight different very important key indicators of school education and computed the disparity index by giving rank to the states/UTs in the scale of the school education development. The policies may be framed on the basis of variations across states for improvement, which has important bearing in achieving the said endeavour. In view of its importance, it was considered a worthwhile attempt to depict disparity between rural and urban schools on some selected important key indicators relating to school education, through disparity index. The present Disparity Index, therefore, on status of school education is expected to accomplish the said purpose. It is hope that this exercise would be useful to policy makers in focusing the disparity between rural and urban schools in regards to school education and also in monitoring the impact of such efforts.