In this era of science and technology, Science Education is an area of great debate at an international as well as National level, at government and school levels for many causes. Science is a core National Curriculum subject, training, recruiting and retaining the excellent science teachers is the challenge in front of many countries in the world. Teachers entering the world of science education must have through knowledge about science content, pedagogy and evaluation in science. They have also responsibility to develop interest and ability in science of their students. Science Education is a reference book for science teachers, science teacher educators, researchers in science education to be used for the evaluation of students’ interest and ability in science. The aim of this book is to help the science teachers to become more aware of how to evaluate the school students’ interest and ability in science and to impart the quality science education at school level. This book is also enabling the teachers and researcher to develop the science ability test, science achievement test and science interest inventory. This is the an output of the authors’ meticulous research work.