Seafood supplies are facing a serious challenge from overexploitation coupled with effects of climate change. Loss of biodiversity, and degradation of trophic structure and critical habitats in the sea have reduced the resilience of marine ecosystem. Decline in marine capture fisheries as a result of these factors is sought to be compensated by increase in aquaculture production. A great deal of scientific investigations and synthesis of information from available data are required to adapt capture fisheries and aquaculture to changing environment. This book contains 4 chapters which discuss the seafood security scenario and problems caused by climate change, link between the resilience of marine ecosystem and fisheries sustainability, growing importance of environment-friendly aquaculture and innovative approaches needed to transform aquaculture using modern knowledge and ‘green'' technology. Scholars and planners interested in knowing the effects of climate change on seafood supplies and the way forward in adapting aquaculture and fisheries to the changing environment will be interested in this book.