Why is the Middle East the only region in the world with a negative democratic development? The Arab Republic of Egypt displays Human Rights problems not uncommon those generally found in the Middle East. Although having a growing economy, social development in general is hindered by lack of education, corruption, poverty and political status quo. The office of the president and the executive branch has extensive powers which are frequently used to curb serious political opposition, partly by arrests and false charges, and partly by denying the registration of new parties. Many countries, although being dissatisfied with the Human Rights situation in Egypt - refrains from public criticism because Egypt is viewed as moderate and friendly toward the west, and, as one scholar put it "still the best shot for Democracy in the Middle east". This book explains the working environment for the NGOs in Egypt, the dynamic of the regime and opposition, and the external pressure on Egypt to implement democratic reforms.