Theorists and diplomats have come up with cogent and complex institutional engineering schemes - such as federalism, confederalism, consociationalism and others - as solutions capable of bringing peaceful ends to ethnic conflicts. Many of these schemes have been considered for the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process, which has continued for more than fifteen years now. Yet, the conflict remains unresolved. Despite the continuous failures to reach an agreement, secession has remained “off the table.” This book examines the legitimate claims of secessionist scholars to offer secession a fair and equal chance similar to the other schemes as a mean to resolve the ethnic conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. The question investigated here is whether or not secession offers a viable solution for the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and potentially for other ethnic conflicts as well.