Euthanasia popularly known as mercy killing. It is very complicated and highly sensitive issue. It has various types and dimensions. It is to be viewed not only from legal but also from social and religious perspective also in a country like India where religious beliefs still rules the society.Still in India there is no specific legislation to deal with this issue. Cases have been dealt under the Indian Penal Code, 1860. After the case of Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug passive euthanasia has been legalised in India. The Apex Court has laid down guidelines for euthanasia in that case. In this book endeavor has been made to critically analyse this issue from different perspectives and put forward the present laws dealing with it with the help of precedents and provisions of different laws prevailing in India.