Poverty and unemployment are two sides of the same coin when we are going to solve one problem in the society, second will be taken care with that. The problem of unemployment is haunting the minds of planners, economists, political leaders and social reformers of India since long. India is a unique country where majority of the population lives in the rural areas. The rural scenario in India today is quite disturbing and needs much attention. The rising prices and high cost of living; it is difficult to satisfy basic needs of the rural population. Government of India as well as state government is showing great concern for rural poor and unemployed. They are not educated and have no skills, so they cannot find employment. To generate skills among rural youths the government to provide self-employment and wage employment to the rural youths implemented a special scheme called ‘TRYSEM’. The evaluation of the skill generation program is undertaken to assess its impact on the employment generation and the poverty reduction. The book is intended to be a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, teachers and students of social sciences.