Sub-Saharan Africa has always been hard hit by several problems for decades now.Seasonal drought has been part of the disasters that plaque the region and with the recent threat of Climate Change, the problems now assume a scary magnitude if efforts are not intensified to mitigate it.Besides, conflicts, lack of policy direction, formulation of policies with unrealistic assumptions, uncommitted political leadership, etc.have impinged on the region's food production and efforts at alleviating poverty. This book examines small scale irrigation schemes as poverty intervention measures in the drylands of Northern Ghana in the West African Region. Two small scale irrigation schemes have been examined to ascertain how a relevant poverty intervention measure can be effectively introduced and made to empower the poor as it has been designed to do especially in the drylands of the Tropics. Though the people in the various communities expressed satisfaction with the performance of the schemes,many problems were uncovered. The book will be relevant to young researchers and undergraduate students of Development Studies, Natural Resource Management and Social Science in general.