It is evident that today Europe is experiencing social, economic and political crisis after three decades of its neo-liberal policies, particularly in France. The book tries to move a spirit of enquiry and builds up an understanding about the relevance of Marxism which has claimed by many as dead doctrine. However, problem shown by Marx in a capitalist system is still relevant that can be seen in Europe particularly in France. The people of France responded against the capitalist system time and again. The political parties never fulfilled the aspirations of common man, only few demands were met. The change was result of inefficiency of previous capitalist government. The people of France replaced the capitalist government with socialist party after 17 years. This change is also a trend toward socialism. Marx suggested that socialism could be achieved by peaceful and radical means when required. The change has taken place due to collective consciousness of common people but it success depends on socialist political parties.