The relationship between home-based environment factors and the academic achievement of students in selected secondary schools within in Guntur district is investigated. Samples were obtained with two hundred (200) students randomly selected from fifteen secondary schools. The four factors that were examined and statistically analyses were: parental socio-economic background, parental educational background, parental educational qualification, parental occupation and students? academic scores. Diverse statistical tests were performed on the various data collected to establish statistical significance of the effects on students? academic achievement. Parental socio-economic statuses and parental educational background did not have significance effect on the academic achievement of the students. However, the parental educational qualification and academic achievement of the students were identified to have statistical significant effect o the academic achievement of the students. The two variables that indicated significant influence do reflect nature of the student? home environment and played notable role in the academic achievement of the respondents.