Since the pre-historic period, man has been interfering with nature. In the primitive age, men faced many problems to inhabit in an environmentally friendly way, but now they have become problem to the nature. Despite the continuous efforts made at national and international levels to counter environmental problems, the pervasive development mentality of "Grow Now, Pay Later" has led to ecological disaster. Therefore efforts have been made throughout the world for developing environmental awareness among people. Does environmental awareness increase with the increase in educational level? What is the pattern of environmental awareness among different categories of people with focus on environmental knowledge, attitude and behavior? And whether the cultural practices are in harmony with nature or not, are some of the queries under investigation within this book. More importantly, how people value and view the natural world due to their socio cultural beliefs and values have been explained smoothly in this book. Thus the analysis should help shed light on sociocultural perspective of environmental awareness and should be useful to those who are interested in environmental sociology.