Survey was conducted in Mizan – Aman district on socio – economic problems toward dairy cattle productivity with the aim to gather information on dairy market problem, infrastructure effect, institutional effect and capital problem exist in the district. Market problems exist in the district were due to low production of milk, absence of milk collection system and milk treatment facility and none employment opportunity for the society in the sector. The house generally was not comfortable for cattle management (cleaning, oestrus detection, supply of feed and water, milking, inspecting illness etc). Poor road system was observed in the district. Though enough health clinics were available in the district, it lacks professionals and service regarding to vaccination. Lack of giving training and advisory for the farmers was attributed to institutional problem. Weaknesses in making farmer cooperative in the sector were observed. The farmers do not use credit services from institutions offering as they don’t have trust on the system. All of these problems hampered dairy cattle development in this district.