Undisputedly, education holds the master key as a criterion for selection in various walks of life. In spite of the facts that schools impart uniform classroom instructions to all students, wide range of difference is observed in their academic achievement. Failure in examinations has not only adversely affected academic process but also personal adjustment The thrust of this book was to make an honest attempt to set forth some of the prime factors influencing the academic achievement, namely socio-economic status and study habits. Results of this work have very important implications to the educational system. It is anticipated that some of the findings of the present book will help to improve the academic achievement of the students in various institutions.Relationship: Refers to how change in one variable result to change in another. Socio-economic status: it is a combined total measure of a person’s work experience and of an individual’s or family’s economic and social position relative to others, based on income, education and occupation. Study habits: it is a student’s way of studying subjects taught in school. Academic achievement: This refers to the student test scores.