For the better utilization of land and water resources and to tackle soil problems, a systematic study of soil physiographic characteristics is necessary. Keeping in these views, the soil physiographic characteristics of calcareous basaltic soils were studied in JAU, Junagadh, Gujarat in India. Research topics covered were soil physiographic characteristics, soil mineralogy, soil classification, evaluation & management of soil and water constraints,climate resources constraints and soil-site suitability evaluation for crops in five landforms of calcareous basaltic soils. The reserve water and water balance of any command area can be computed based on simple soil physical parameters formulas which are given in book. The book will meet to growing need of P.G. students, scientists as well as teachers of Soil science, Soil physics, Soil and water management engineering, Agril. physics, Water management,Agronomy, Civil Engineering,Environment Science and Physical edaphology of different Agricultural Universities, NGOs and Organizations at world level. This book will be also useful in the field of Civil engineering, Soil mechanics,Dams and Canal design, etc.