An analysis of solid waste management was performed in Gaborone, Botswana to identify the quantity of different types of solid waste that are generated annually and the possible strategies for improved waste management. In order to achieve the objective of the project, present waste management practice in Gaborone was analysed and waste composition study was carried out in Gamodubu landfill, Gaborone. Waste from household, commercial, industrial and others (defence and institutional) stratums were selected for sampling. Different samples were taken and forwarded to sorting analysis. The waste was categorized into 10 categories and one of the categories (plastic) is further divided into 5 Subcategories. The output of the study results the quantity of solid waste generated in Gaborone, composition of solid waste categories from different stratums and its flow to the landfill and the quality of waste, annually. These findings helped in serving the importance and the need of better waste management system in order to improvise the potential for resource recovery under social considerations.